​​​​​​​​​The ethical foundations of environmental reasoning, including: intrinsic value, biocentrism, utilitarianism, eco-feminism, deep ecology, social ecology, and religious/spiritual foundations are ones which can be applied to concrete environmental policy issues. Students in this specialization will develop their personal and professional environmental ethics. Courses in this specialization include:

Faculty in this specialization come from a wide variety of backgrounds:

Professor ​Reed Elizabeth Loder is an accomplished ethicist who has served by court appointment on the New Hampshire Supreme Court Advisory Committee on Judicial Ethics and is writing a book, “Lawyers and Virtue.”

Professor Hillary Hoffmann’s scholarship addresses the administration and management of federal public lands and tribal lands, including private access and private rights on federal lands, and cultural resource protection.

Professor Stephanie Farrior is a prominent academic and activist in the field of international human rights. She is former legal director and general counsel of Amnesty International.

Professor Jessica Scott​ was an attorney at the United States Environmental Protection Agency’s Office of General Counsel. There she provided legal advice under the Clean Air Act and many of the numerous federal statutes, Executive Orders, and policies that affect all of EPA’s programs, including environmental justice, federal Indian law, and the Migratory Bird Treaty Act.

 

 

Agriculture & Food Systemshttp://www-staging.vermontlaw.edu/academics/specializations/agriculture-food-systemsAgriculture & Food SystemsFood is a basic necessity of human life and a unique vehicle for change, as it is intimately tied to human health, the environment, poverty, immigration, animal welfare, law, politics, and culture, on every step of its journey from farm to plate.
Business Lawhttp://www-staging.vermontlaw.edu/academics/specializations/business-lawBusiness LawA targeted suite of classes for students who want to specialize in business. Courses include corporations, bankruptcy, nonprofit management, white collar crime and more.
China & Southeast Asiahttp://www-staging.vermontlaw.edu/academics/specializations/china-and-southeast-asiaChina & Southeast AsiaAs the challenges posed by climate change grow in urgency, the power that massive developing countries like China, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, and Myanmar can leverage to effect change cannot be overstated.
Climate Change Lawhttp://www-staging.vermontlaw.edu/academics/specializations/climate-change-lawClimate Change LawIn a time of broken global temperature records, increasing natural disasters, emerging U.S. and international law and policy will be key to governing mitigation of and adaptation to climate change.
Criminal Lawhttp://www-staging.vermontlaw.edu/academics/specializations/criminal-lawCriminal LawThe certificate in criminal law provides broad-based, comprehensive training and skills needed by students to become prosecutors, defenders, or to practice criminal law in a private firm setting.
Dispute Resolutionhttp://www-staging.vermontlaw.edu/academics/specializations/dispute-resolutionDispute ResolutionIn an increasingly complex world, dispute resolution offers a way to find solutions that allow all parties to move forward without entering a courtroom.
Energy Lawhttp://www-staging.vermontlaw.edu/academics/specializations/energy-lawEnergy LawVermont Law School courses and clinics consider the relationship between energy and the environment in the context of its legal, scientific, commercial and human implications.
Environmental Justicehttp://www-staging.vermontlaw.edu/academics/specializations/environmental-justiceEnvironmental JusticeStudents who specialize in Environmental Justice will develop their personal and professional environmental ethics.
Environmental Lawhttp://www-staging.vermontlaw.edu/academics/specializations/environmental-lawEnvironmental LawVermont Law School offers a multidisciplinary array of environmental courses in law, policy, science, economics, and ethics to students studying for any one of our degrees or certificates.
International Environmental Lawhttp://www-staging.vermontlaw.edu/academics/specializations/international-environmental-lawInternational Environmental LawEnvironmental issues are global issues. The unique opportunities at Vermont Law School prepare our graduates to be leaders in international environmental law and policy.
International & Comparative Lawhttp://www-staging.vermontlaw.edu/academics/specializations/international-comparative-lawInternational & Comparative LawPrepares students for careers with international organizations, NGOs, law firms, multinational enterprises, and government agencies. We offer study experiences that broaden knowledge and skills, add new perspective, and open opportunities.
Land Use Lawhttp://www-staging.vermontlaw.edu/academics/specializations/land-use-lawLand Use LawIncluding smart growth principles, ecological planning, affordable housing, flood hazard mitigation, energy and land use regulatory decision-making, permitting processes, and land conservation strategies.
Legal Writinghttp://www-staging.vermontlaw.edu/academics/specializations/legal-writingLegal Writing
Sports Lawhttp://www-staging.vermontlaw.edu/academics/specializations/sports-lawSports Law
Tax Law and Policyhttp://www-staging.vermontlaw.edu/academics/specializations/tax-law-and-policyTax Law and PolicyWe know that improving the environment requires changing the way we run our businesses, use our resources, and act as citizens. But how do we actually make that change occur?
Technology & Legal Innovationhttp://www-staging.vermontlaw.edu/academics/specializations/technology-legal-innovationTechnology & Legal InnovationDigital technologies create a wealth of new possibilities around how we define, deliver, and teach law. What does government become as legislation and regulation open to digital means of access and participation?
Water Resources Law | Vermont Lawhttp://www-staging.vermontlaw.edu/academics/specializations/water-resources-lawWater Resources Law | Vermont LawLearn about local, national, and global efforts to secure water supplies through research, education, and policy development. Focus on water law, environmental justice, and policy initiatives to further wise, judicious use of water as a public resource.