​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Students, please note:  CampusWeb is the authoritative source for class information, so please refer to CampusWeb when making final registration ​​decisions.​​



ENV5115http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1746ENV5115Environmental LawFoy,KevinThis introductory course covers the history of environmental values and policies, including a discussion of economics and the environment, common law roots, approach to federalism, and environmental justice. It compares and contrasts the major environmental statutes, such as the Clean Water Act, Clean Air Act, Toxic Substances Control Act, and other federal statutes. It considers the goals and objectives of environmental laws, and the choices that are made both implicitly and explicitly in effecting the means of environmental protection. In addition, the course explores state roles in biodiversity protection and land use regulation. A thread throughout the course asks questions about how environmental justice issues have or have not been taken into account.3.00000000000000GP0|#15379286-d45c-4d8b-b111-fecea10c7b5a;L0|#015379286-d45c-4d8b-b111-fecea10c7b5a|2017 Summer - Term 1;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1746
ENV5408http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1747ENV5408The Law of Animals in AgricultureVesilind,PamelaThis course will cover the evolution and regulation of animal agriculture in America, contrasted with farmed animal welfare policies in other developed nations. Material will include the laws related to the breeding, raising, feeding, transporting, and slaughtering of land and marine animals used for food, particularly as related to their welfare. The class will evaluate the long term sustainability of CAFO food production specifically and animal food production generally. Finally, students will explore the likely pressures from increased international trade in agricultural products. Although this course material will touch on multiple related disciplines, including food safety law, agricultural law, labor law, environmental law, and business regulations law, the focus of this course will be on the laws and market pressures affecting the conditions of farmed animals while they are still alive.GP0|#15379286-d45c-4d8b-b111-fecea10c7b5a;L0|#015379286-d45c-4d8b-b111-fecea10c7b5a|2017 Summer - Term 1;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1747
ENV5423http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1748ENV5423Ocean and Coastal LawBaur,DonLong neglected by lawmakers despite its essential ecological functions, the marine environment has increasingly been the focal point of conservation and natural resource management efforts. As a foundation for studying the laws that govern the marine environment, the course considers the natural components of estuarine, coastal, and marine ecosystems and the current conservation issues confronting them. We will review domestic and international laws and treaties relating to coastal management, pollution, protected areas, endangered species, fisheries, marine mammals, wetlands, marine spatial planning, and offshore energy resources, and examine alternative approaches to ensure the conservation and sustainable use of marine resources. The course considers the effectiveness of these legal regimes in providing rational and comprehensive management and protection of marine resources in the face of emerging threats from climate change, crashing fish stocks, and energy shortages, focusing on current events such as the Gulf of Mexico oil spill, the International Whaling Commission debate over commercial whaling, and climate change threats to the Arctic. 3.00000000000000GP0|#15379286-d45c-4d8b-b111-fecea10c7b5a;L0|#015379286-d45c-4d8b-b111-fecea10c7b5a|2017 Summer - Term 1;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bEichenberg,TimSutton,Michael1748
WRI7380http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1749WRI7380Advanced Environmental Legal ResearchRyan,ChristineThis one-credit course provides in-depth exposure to the most useful, efficient strategies and resources for environmental law research, including specialized science and statistical information resources, international environmental law research, advanced administrative law research, legislative history, environmental updating services, etc. The course is designed to prepare students to research environmental legal materials and non-legal materials for use in law school and in practice. Students are evaluated on the quality of a research project focused on an environmental issue of their choosing as well as class participation. This is a limited enrollment course.1.00000000000000GP0|#15379286-d45c-4d8b-b111-fecea10c7b5a;L0|#015379286-d45c-4d8b-b111-fecea10c7b5a|2017 Summer - Term 1;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1749
ENV5220http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1750ENV5220Environmental Economics and MarketsChen,JamesThe course introduces students to the discipline of environmental economics and exposes them to debates over the use of market-based instruments in environmental, energy, and climate policy. It also introduces students to basic economics and finance concepts, examines key principles about market behavior and efficiency, and applies these basic elements and concepts to common environmental problems and actual case studies.3.00000000000000GP0|#15379286-d45c-4d8b-b111-fecea10c7b5a;L0|#015379286-d45c-4d8b-b111-fecea10c7b5a|2017 Summer - Term 1;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1750
INT7445http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1751INT7445European Community Environmental LawScannell,YvonneThe EU has emerged as the undisputed leader in international environmental politics and the world leader in environmental regulation in the last 20 years. This course introduces students to the important role of the principles of European environmental law in environmental regulation and to the EU techniques for environmental management. At the end of this course, students will have a thorough knowledge of the underlying philosophies and requirements of EU environmental law and of how it applies in practice throughout the 28 Member States of the European Union, will have augmented their analytical and logical skills, and will appreciate how and why EU environmental law evolved in response to environmental pressures globally and in the Union.GP0|#15379286-d45c-4d8b-b111-fecea10c7b5a;L0|#015379286-d45c-4d8b-b111-fecea10c7b5a|2017 Summer - Term 1;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1751
ENV5511http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1752ENV5511Three Essentials of the Electric Grid: Business EssentialsJones,KevinThis course sets out, in three linked modules, the fundamental knowledge that professionals should have for working in the closely intertwined fields of energy and the environment. Students may take one, two, or three modules for one credit each. MODULE A – BUSINESS ESSENTIALS: This module will explore the current national policy on transition to a smart electric grid with a primary focus on how this transformation can help lead to global environmental improvement. The course will explore how a smart electric grid can supercharge energy efficiency, expand demand response, integrate electric vehicles, and foster distributed energy technologies. The course will include an introduction of the means for environmental improvement, an interactive discussion of policy options and choices, and case study examples.1.00000000000000GP0|#15379286-d45c-4d8b-b111-fecea10c7b5a;L0|#015379286-d45c-4d8b-b111-fecea10c7b5a|2017 Summer - Term 1;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1752
ENV5510http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1753ENV5510Three Essentials of the Electric Grid: Engineering EssentialsRoot,ChrisThis course sets out, in three linked modules, the fundamental knowledge that professionals should have for working in the closely intertwined fields of energy and the environment. Students may take one, two, or three modules for one credit each. MODULE B – ENGINEERING ESSENTIALS: The engineering realities of energy infrastructure systems can greatly constrain the choices that lawyers and policy analysts might otherwise make. This module will cover the engineering fundamentals inherent in electric power grids and will explain how these engineering realities affect market and regulatory choices.1.00000000000000GP0|#15379286-d45c-4d8b-b111-fecea10c7b5a;L0|#015379286-d45c-4d8b-b111-fecea10c7b5a|2017 Summer - Term 1;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bDunn,Tom1753
ENV5512http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1754ENV5512Three Essentials of the Electric Grid: Legal EssentialsKennedy,KatherineThis course sets out, in three linked modules, the fundamental knowledge that professionals should have for working in the closely intertwined fields of energy and the environment. Students may take one, two, or three modules for one credit each. MODULE C – LEGAL ESSENTIALS: With the climate crisis, we have the need to sharply reduce greenhouse gas emissions and transition to a low carbon economy. This module examines how in practice we can use the power of the law to make progress on our climate goals through clean energy advocacy. Through classroom discussion and exercises this course will use real case studies to explore both substantive policy and skills-based knowledge on how to advance energy and transportation policies on national, regional, and local levels in order to provide the momentum to meet our climate goals.1.00000000000000GP0|#15379286-d45c-4d8b-b111-fecea10c7b5a;L0|#015379286-d45c-4d8b-b111-fecea10c7b5a|2017 Summer - Term 1;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1754
ENV5500http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1755ENV5500Environmental Aspects of Business TransactionsMcHenry,ThomasThis course will introduce students to the liability, diligence, and drafting issues that arise in complex environmental business transactions, such as the purchase and sale of major assets, real property, and company stock.2.00000000000000GP0|#f8be52e6-570e-44f6-a7f1-2a5c84593ee6;L0|#0f8be52e6-570e-44f6-a7f1-2a5c84593ee6|2017 Summer - Term 2;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1755
ENV5561http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1756ENV5561Environmental Enforcement and ComplianceHill,RandolphThis course is an introduction to the theory and practice of enforcement of the federal pollution control laws. We will first discuss the basic regulatory structure of the pollution control laws and the administrative, civil, judicial, and criminal enforcement tools available to federal and state regulators to ensure compliance with those laws. We will then delve into the practice of civil enforcement, including methods for investigating and establishing potential violations, selection of the appropriate enforcement response, calculation of penalties, use of supplemental environmental projects or other innovative remedies, and practical issues arising in citizen suit enforcement. We will also discuss key issues related to criminal enforcement, including establishment of the elements of the offense and considerations of mental state requirements and the burden of proof. Finally, we will discuss alternatives to traditional command-and-control regulation and enforcement for gaining compliance with environmental standards. Prerequisite: Environmental Law.2.00000000000000GP0|#f8be52e6-570e-44f6-a7f1-2a5c84593ee6;L0|#0f8be52e6-570e-44f6-a7f1-2a5c84593ee6|2017 Summer - Term 2;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1756
ENV5230http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1757ENV5230Global Energy Law and PolicyMarhold,AnnaGlobal Energy Law and Policy explores the current policy framework in a particular region outside of the United States with a focus on clean energy policies. The course will explore the regions policy development process, the current energy policy framework, policies implementing global and regional climate commitments and emerging issues.2.00000000000000GP0|#f8be52e6-570e-44f6-a7f1-2a5c84593ee6;L0|#0f8be52e6-570e-44f6-a7f1-2a5c84593ee6|2017 Summer - Term 2;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1757
ENV5474http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1758ENV5474Land Conservation LawJay,JessicaIncreasingly important in our efforts to preserve ecological diversity, historic places, working lands, scenic viewsheds, open space, and public uses of land are conservation tools and processes such as donation of conservation easements, purchase of sensitive lands, and private/ public partnerships for land conservation. Students will research and review the swiftly developing body of law and legal issues accompanying the use of conservation easements, and will gain a practical understanding of both the legal and non-legal dimensions of land conservation transactions involving conservation easements. In addition, students will actively engage in the progression of a conservation easement transaction, beginning with early negotiations, drafting, and financial analysis, and proceeding along a spectrum to donation, amendment, violation, and enforcement. Each student will be responsible for engaging in role playing exercises throughout the conservation transaction process to assess various financial scenarios, identify and resolve disputes related to the conservation transaction, and negotiate and draft a conservation easement.2.00000000000000GP0|#f8be52e6-570e-44f6-a7f1-2a5c84593ee6;L0|#0f8be52e6-570e-44f6-a7f1-2a5c84593ee6|2017 Summer - Term 2;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1758
ENV5430http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1759ENV5430EcologyPoleman,Walter30.0000000000000Ecology is an integrative science that can provide insight into many contemporary environmental problems. Through visits to a variety of field sites in central Vermont, readings, and lectures, this course will explore the principles of ecology using a hands-on, interdisciplinary approach. Course work stresses the inventorying of biotic and physical components of a landscape (pieces), examining how these pieces are distributed (patterns), and determining what forces drive these patterns (processes). Topics will include interpreting the natural and cultural histories of a landscape, biodiversity conservation, and the scientific method, among others. This course requires minimal previous scientific understanding. This is a limited-enrollment course.3.00000000000000GP0|#f8be52e6-570e-44f6-a7f1-2a5c84593ee6;L0|#0f8be52e6-570e-44f6-a7f1-2a5c84593ee6|2017 Summer - Term 2;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bLautzenheiser,Tom1759
ENV5406http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1760ENV5406Animal Rights JurisprudenceCassuto,DavidThis class will explore the concept of animal law as it relates to the broader concept of legal rights. We will look at whether and how animals are subjects of the law, whether the legal system responds to their needs, and if so, how. We will start by exploring the ways the legal system defines “animal” and then move on to a discussion of animals within property law, criminal law, environmental law, and constitutional law. We will contextualize this investigation within an overall rubric of legal and moral rights and whether animals have any such rights and if not, why not.2.00000000000000GP0|#f8be52e6-570e-44f6-a7f1-2a5c84593ee6;L0|#0f8be52e6-570e-44f6-a7f1-2a5c84593ee6|2017 Summer - Term 2;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1760
ENV5446http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1761ENV5446Environmental JusticeHill,BarryThe environmental justice movement is aimed at avoiding, minimizing, or mitigating disproportionately adverse human health and environmental impacts, including social and economic impacts, on minority and/or low-income communities, and for those communities to be engaged meaningfully in environmental decision-making processes. This course examines this environmental and public health problem. It explores how environmental justice concerns are framed and addressed/resolved through acts of civil disobedience; federal, state and local government initiatives; litigation; collaborative problem-solving; and alternative dispute resolution. This course examines the extrinsic link between environmental justice and sustainable development, and how the EPA, the ABA, and NGOs have been engaged in a number of initiatives to secure sustainable communities in the U.S.2.00000000000000GP0|#f8be52e6-570e-44f6-a7f1-2a5c84593ee6;L0|#0f8be52e6-570e-44f6-a7f1-2a5c84593ee6|2017 Summer - Term 2;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1761
INT7446http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1764INT7446International Trade and the EnvironmentWirth,DavidThis course is an up-to-the-minute, in-depth treatment of the intersection and frequent clash between two areas of policy and law, both of which are intended to promote human welfare and sustainable development: trade liberalization and environmental protection. The course will address cutting-edge questions in the field, including (1) protection of natural resources through unilateral trade-based measures; (2) the legality of multilateral environmental agreements employing trade measures; (3) utilization of science-based trade tests; and (4) environmental impacts of foreign investment liberalization. The course will analyze all the major junctures in the evolution of this area of the law, including the tuna/dolphin, shrimp/turtle, asbestos, beef hormone, and biotech cases. Students will be exposed to the major international trade agreements and institutions, such as GATT, NAFTA, the World Trade Organization, and pending trade negotiations. The course will include a simulated negotiation of a multilateral environmental agreement regulating trade in pesticides and chemicals. No prior familiarity with international law, trade law, or environmental law is necessary or assumed.2.00000000000000GP0|#322dd13c-b6ac-4c30-9eeb-83bab19d1b0a;L0|#0322dd13c-b6ac-4c30-9eeb-83bab19d1b0a|2017 Summer - Term 3;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1764
ENV5550http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1766ENV5550Renewable Energy Project Finance and DevelopmentBerger,GlennThis course will provide an in-depth look at the legal and regulatory issues associated with the development and project financing of renewable energy projects such as wind, hydro, solar, and geothermal. The course will explain the various ownership structures that are used for developing an energy project, such as LLC arrangements and partnership agreements. The course will examine in depth the basic terms and conditions of the contracts that are necessary for a successful project financing, such as power purchase agreements, engineering contracts, fuel supply arrangements, and operation and maintenance agreements. The course will also cover the basic financing agreements that are part of an energy project financing such as credit agreements and equity arrangements. The course will explain the Federal and state regulatory issues that need to be addressed during a project financing, including providing an overview of the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act, the Federal Power Act, and the Energy Policy Act of 2005. In addition, the course will examine Federal and state incentives for the development of renewable power projects such as renewable portfolio standards, renewable energy credits and production tax credits. The course will include a final written exam.2.00000000000000GP0|#322dd13c-b6ac-4c30-9eeb-83bab19d1b0a;L0|#0322dd13c-b6ac-4c30-9eeb-83bab19d1b0a|2017 Summer - Term 3;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1766
ENV5902http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1767ENV5902The Colorado RiverRossmann,AntonioFor students of American and western water law, the Colorado River presents an unmatched union of hydrology, history, demography, and jurisprudence. This class will explore the River’s influence on state, national, and international law. Drawing on both historical and legal sources, we will first address the unprecedented efforts of the seven basin states to allocate the River voluntarily. We will focus on Congressional efforts to balance California’s immediate desire to harness the river, with protection of the upstream states and their future development; and the seminal interpretation of that effort in the Supreme Court’s momentous water law ruling, Arizona v. California. Before turning to the states’ responses to that 1963 decision, we examine its extraordinary impact within California, igniting classic battles at the Owens Valley, Mono Lake, Sacramento Delta, and Salton Sea. We then examine contemporary efforts to deal with shortage, both anthropogenic (overdevelopment) and natural (climate change), and international efforts to attain equity with Mexico. We conclude by attempting to essay the River’s influence on the future of the American Southwest and the entire Nation.2.00000000000000GP0|#322dd13c-b6ac-4c30-9eeb-83bab19d1b0a;L0|#0322dd13c-b6ac-4c30-9eeb-83bab19d1b0a|2017 Summer - Term 3;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1767
ENV5564http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1768ENV5564Peace, War and the EnvironmentMacKenzie,CatherineThis course provides a current and exciting overview of the law of environment, peacekeeping and state reconstruction. Its focus is on states which have been damaged by conflict e.g. Afghanistan and Iraq, failed states which lack even the most basic facilities and services e.g. South Sudan, and states rich in resources but with weak or ineffective government e.g. Western Sahara, Liberia. The course provides an overview of international environmental obligations, considers international humanitarian law, and reviews the establishment and development of peacekeeping missions. Students are invited to undertake in-depth research on a country or region of their choice. This course will suit students who have studied, worked or travelled internationally, veterans, and anyone with an interest in international affairs. 2.00000000000000GP0|#322dd13c-b6ac-4c30-9eeb-83bab19d1b0a;L0|#0322dd13c-b6ac-4c30-9eeb-83bab19d1b0a|2017 Summer - Term 3;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1768
ENV5311http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1769ENV5311Environmental Conflict Management Systems DesignCostantino,CathyAn introduction to the theory, principles, and practice of conflict management systems design. Lawyers and environmental practitioners are increasingly called upon to design and manage systems to handle “streams” of disputes effectively and efficiently. This class will introduce students to consulting skills and allow the opportunity to practice these skills.2.00000000000000GP0|#322dd13c-b6ac-4c30-9eeb-83bab19d1b0a;L0|#0322dd13c-b6ac-4c30-9eeb-83bab19d1b0a|2017 Summer - Term 3;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1769
ENV5521http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1770ENV5521Earth LawCullinan,CormacClimate change and other global threats are increasingly illustrating the limits of our existing environmental laws to stem degradation. This course posits that environmental declines will continue until we address a fundamental assumption underlying our legal system: that humans are separate from the natural world and may treat it as property to be exploited, rather than as a connected ecological partner. The course will critically examine the sources of this assumption and its impacts on preventing us from achieving a healthy, thriving planet. It will then explore Earth jurisprudence as a basis for developing legal, economic, and other governance systems that recognize the inherent rights of the natural world to exist, thrive, and evolve, and it will discuss how such systems can be implemented to advance lasting sustainability. Specific applications will be highlighted, debated, and practiced.2.00000000000000GP0|#1f43e48f-9af1-4e3d-977e-3f2793956c39;L0|#01f43e48f-9af1-4e3d-977e-3f2793956c39|2017 Summer - Term 4;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1770
INT7450http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1771INT7450International Investment Arbitration and the EnvironmentOrellana,MarcosThis course will examine a cutting-edge area of environmental advocacy. Under the umbrella of sustainable development, the course brings together the points of contact between three areas of international law, namely investment, human rights, and the environment, which together form one of the most dynamic areas of international environmental advocacy today. The course will explore how the various treaties underlying these 10 three regimes relate to one another, with a particular emphasis on dispute settlement. In this context, the seminar will examine conflict of norms and hierarchy issues, as well as interpretative tools to prevent or minimize conflict. Besides these theoretical inquiries, the course will cover particular themes where human rights, environmental, and investment law interact, such as: the right to health, the right to water and sanitation, due process and denial of justice, property rights and expropriation, and stabilization clauses and positive human rights obligations. The course will place special emphasis on bilateral investment treaty negotiations, as well as on international investment arbitrations involving health, safety and environmental measures.2.00000000000000GP0|#1f43e48f-9af1-4e3d-977e-3f2793956c39;L0|#01f43e48f-9af1-4e3d-977e-3f2793956c39|2017 Summer - Term 4;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1771
ENV5410http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1772ENV5410The Modern Farm BillAdamo,ChrisThe purpose of this course is to introduce students to the breadth of policies and legal authorities included in the Farm Bill that Congress re-evaluates every 5 years. Students will explore Federal farm support, crop insurance and conservation programs, as well as those designed for food assistance, international trade, renewable energy and rural economic development. The goal of the class is to inform students about the range and depth of Federal farm and food policy, while also developing a better understanding of the historical, political and process-based forces that have shaped these policies to date and that will be key to their development, improvement and direction in the future.2.00000000000000GP0|#1f43e48f-9af1-4e3d-977e-3f2793956c39;L0|#01f43e48f-9af1-4e3d-977e-3f2793956c39|2017 Summer - Term 4;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bCoppess,Jonathan1772
INT7440http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1773INT7440Comparative U.S.-China Environmental LawPercival,RobertThis course examines how China and the United States—the two countries with the greatest impacts on the planet’s environment—are using law to respond to environmental challenges. After an introduction to the history and structure of environmental law, the course compares approaches to regulation used in China with those employed by the U.S. The course compares and contrasts the policies of the two countries concerning environmental impact assessment, air and water pollution control, management of hazardous waste and remediation of contaminated sites, regulation of chemical products, environmental enforcement, energy policy and climate change, and transparency initiatives to improve corporate environmental performance.2.00000000000000GP0|#1f43e48f-9af1-4e3d-977e-3f2793956c39;L0|#01f43e48f-9af1-4e3d-977e-3f2793956c39|2017 Summer - Term 4;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1773
INT7441http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1774INT7441China Field StudyPercival,RobertComparative U.S.-China Environmental LawFollowing completion of the Comparative U.S.-China Environmental Law course, students may participate in an additional field trip to China. This trip will enable students to experience directly environmental conditions in China and to meet leading Chinese environmental scholars and activists. Prerequisite: Comparative U.S.-China Environmental Law.1.00000000000000GP0|#1f43e48f-9af1-4e3d-977e-3f2793956c39;L0|#01f43e48f-9af1-4e3d-977e-3f2793956c39|2017 Summer - Term 4;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1774
ENV5405http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1775ENV5405Ecosystem Conservation StrategiesTabas,PhilipThis course will focus on gaining an understanding of current approaches to landscape scale conservation projects. The course will review conservation theory and examine specific conservation implementation actions. Case studies will draw conclusions for lawyers and practitioners. The course will involve lectures, class discussion, and a research project. Materials will draw on actual projects involving The Nature Conservancy as well as projects from other conservation organizations.2.00000000000000GP0|#1f43e48f-9af1-4e3d-977e-3f2793956c39;L0|#01f43e48f-9af1-4e3d-977e-3f2793956c39|2017 Summer - Term 4;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1775
ENV5468http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1776ENV5468Oil and Gas Production and the EnvironmentWeaver,JacquelineThis course provides students with an understanding of the future of oil and gas as an energy resource, the framework of conservation law and property law used to produce and regulate oil and gas in the U.S., and the externalities of production. The course also reviews the nature of the typical oil and gas lease used in the U.S. on private lands and on federal leases. The federal laws related to offshore leasing are reviewed, notably the Coastal Zone Management Act and the Oil Pollution Act of 1990. The latter part of the course studies the role of FERC in regulating natural gas markets and oil and gas pipelines and its role in assuring reliable gas supplies for the new gas-fired power plants that are projected to supply an increasing share of electricity to the grid in the future as coal-fired and nuclear plants are retired.2.00000000000000GP0|#1f43e48f-9af1-4e3d-977e-3f2793956c39;L0|#01f43e48f-9af1-4e3d-977e-3f2793956c39|2017 Summer - Term 4;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1776
ENV5462http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1777ENV5462Public Lands Management: Montana Field StudyTuholske,Jack12.0000000000000The Montana Field Study is a unique experiential learning opportunity. This class focuses on National Forest Management. Students experience forest management, wilderness, recreation, and roadless issues first-hand, in the wilds of Montana and Idaho. Almost the entire class is held in the field; we backpack into remote places. Instructor permission is required; contact the Environmental Law Center for further information.3.00000000000000GP0|#1f43e48f-9af1-4e3d-977e-3f2793956c39;L0|#01f43e48f-9af1-4e3d-977e-3f2793956c39|2017 Summer - Term 4;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1777
ADR6450http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1778ADR6450Advanced Dispute Resolution Writing SeminarBeyranevand,Laurie“The courts of this country should not be the places where resolution of disputes begins. They should be the places where the disputes end after alternative methods of resolving disputes have been considered and tried.” Is Justice O’Conner’s statement true? What are alternative means of dispute resolution and are they really better for parties than taking a dispute to court? This course will introduce students to a wide range of alternative dispute resolution topics so that they can answer these questions. At the same time, this course will introduce students to the process of writing scholarly articles. Students will explore strategies for outlining, researching, drafting and editing an article of publishable quality. Students will then conduct in-depth research on an alternative dispute resolution topic of their choice and produce a scholarly article of publishable quality (that also will satisfy the Advanced Writing Requirement). During the last week of class, students will present on their papers and have them peer reviewed by their classmates.2.00000000000000GP0|#50632bdd-c813-424d-8ce6-e2eac0eb31e0;L0|#050632bdd-c813-424d-8ce6-e2eac0eb31e0|2017 Summer - 8 Week Courses;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1778
ENV5497http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1779ENV5497Energy Efficiency as an Energy ResourceJohnstone,ScottThis course describes the reasons for, techniques of, and results from, energy efficiency measures in leading programs around the United States. In exploring how leaders maximize energy efficiency results from the home and business to the grid, the course will explore the systems, policy, and legal basis that legitimize energy efficiency as an energy resource and assure societal trust in the outcomes.2.00000000000000GP0|#50632bdd-c813-424d-8ce6-e2eac0eb31e0;L0|#050632bdd-c813-424d-8ce6-e2eac0eb31e0|2017 Summer - 8 Week Courses;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1779
ENV5223http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1780ENV5223Environmental Governance in the Developing WorldLin,YanmeiThis course describes the reasons for, techniques of, and results from, energy efficiency measures in leading programs around the United States. In exploring how leaders maximize energy efficiency results from the home and business to the grid, the course will explore the systems, policy, and legal basis that legitimize energy efficiency as an energy resource and assure societal trust in the outcomes.2.00000000000000GP0|#50632bdd-c813-424d-8ce6-e2eac0eb31e0;L0|#050632bdd-c813-424d-8ce6-e2eac0eb31e0|2017 Summer - 8 Week Courses;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bSchulte,William1780
ENV5224http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1781ENV5224Environmental Governance Field StudyLin,YanmeiEnvironmental Governance in the Developing WorldFollowing completion of the Environmental Governance in the Developing World course, students may participate in an additional field trip to Southeast Asia. This trip will enable students to experience directly environmental conditions in the region and to meet leading environmental scholars and activists. Prerequisite: Environmental Governance in the Developing World.1.00000000000000GP0|#50632bdd-c813-424d-8ce6-e2eac0eb31e0;L0|#050632bdd-c813-424d-8ce6-e2eac0eb31e0|2017 Summer - 8 Week Courses;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bSchulte,William1781
ADR6416http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1782ADR6416Negotiating Environmental AgreementsReiter,SarahThis course teaches the skills necessary to be an effective negotiator and advocate in the environmental context, with particular emphasis on ocean and coastal disputes. This course explores the range of processes used to resolve environmental disputes, paying particular attention to consensual processes such as negotiation and collaborative decision-making. It considers relevant policy and practical considerations in selecting the most effective method of resolving environmental disputes. Students will learn to assess the means by which conflict management processes are designed and implemented. A major theme of this course will be to compare the advantages and disadvantages of adversarial and collaborative approaches in environmental conflicts. Environmental Law is recommended but not required.2.00000000000000GP0|#50632bdd-c813-424d-8ce6-e2eac0eb31e0;L0|#050632bdd-c813-424d-8ce6-e2eac0eb31e0|2017 Summer - 8 Week Courses;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1782
ENV5540http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1783ENV5540Public Health Implications of U.S. Agriculture and Food PolicyEubanks,WilliamIt is often argued that individual food choice is the ultimate exercise of personal responsibility in our society. But what if that conventional wisdom was challenged, instead recognizing that a complex web of agricultural and food laws substantially influences what ends up on our plates and ultimately affects the health of individuals and communities? These policies, and the regulatory mechanisms supporting them, play a vital role in determining health outcomes for our nation, and accordingly will be explored in depth in this course. In the context of these policies, the course will cover diverse public health issues including Farm Bill and other federal nutrition assistance programs, food access, obesity and malnutrition, food safety and foodborne diseases, genetically engineered foods, organic and other certification schemes, and the debate about food systems and sustainability.​​2.00000000000000GP0|#f8be52e6-570e-44f6-a7f1-2a5c84593ee6;L0|#0f8be52e6-570e-44f6-a7f1-2a5c84593ee6|2017 Summer - Term 2;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1783
ENV5383http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1784ENV5383Food System Justice and SustainabilityMuraskin,David​This intensive seminar focuses on how impact litigation and political advocacy can be used to develop a sustainable food system. We will examine the existing national and local regulatory structures to consider how they facilitate and create barriers to sustainable agriculture; debate current alternative proposals, with a particular focus on local, regional and statebased policy proposals; and strategize ways in which advocates and litigators can push reforms to generate a more open, humane, environmentally sound, safe, and just food system. While the course will be informed by ongoing political developments, it will be structured around several distinct topic areas that will be used to discuss how policy advocates and litigators can generate reform. For instance, the course may contain modules on labeling, slaughterhouse consolidation, and/or worker health and safety. Students will gain experience with both oral and written advocacy.2.00000000000000GP0|#322dd13c-b6ac-4c30-9eeb-83bab19d1b0a;L0|#0322dd13c-b6ac-4c30-9eeb-83bab19d1b0a|2017 Summer - Term 3;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1784
BUS6363.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1812BUS6363.AeLawyering: Automated SystemsGP0|#663a05b2-a586-4493-ae18-e3854694e79a;L0|#0663a05b2-a586-4493-ae18-e3854694e79a|2017 Summer - JD;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1812
BUS6372.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1813BUS6372.AHactivist Legal TechnologyGP0|#663a05b2-a586-4493-ae18-e3854694e79a;L0|#0663a05b2-a586-4493-ae18-e3854694e79a|2017 Summer - JD;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1813
FAM7710.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1814FAM7710.AEstatesWillbanks,StephanieThis course meets from 8:30 to 11:30 a.m. during terms 1 and 2; it meets Tuesday through Friday May 30 through June 2 and Monday through Thursday June 5 through June 29. The final exam is Friday June 30. This course examines the statutory and judicial rules governing the gratuitous transfer of property. This includes transfers by gift, intestate succession, wills, trusts, and other non-probate mechanisms. Topics include the nature of inheritance; statutes of descent and distribution (intestacy); wills formalities (execution, revocation, mental capacity, and undue influence); interpretation of wills; the protection of the family (spousal elective share, omitted spouse rules, and omitted children rules); the creation of trusts; rights of trust beneficiaries and their creditors; charitable trusts; modification and termination of trusts; fiduciary duties; powers of appointment; and future interests. Class discussion focuses on problems designed to explore statutory and judicial rules, policy and theory, and practical implications. Prerequisite: Property. Method of evaluation: Final exam, class participation, and quizzes. GP0|#663a05b2-a586-4493-ae18-e3854694e79a;L0|#0663a05b2-a586-4493-ae18-e3854694e79a|2017 Summer - JD;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1814
LIT7210.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1815LIT7210.AEvidenceYoung,DeborahGP0|#663a05b2-a586-4493-ae18-e3854694e79a;L0|#0663a05b2-a586-4493-ae18-e3854694e79a|2017 Summer - JD;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1815
REQ7255.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1816REQ7255.AAppellate AdvocacyJohnson,GregoryGP0|#663a05b2-a586-4493-ae18-e3854694e79a;L0|#0663a05b2-a586-4493-ae18-e3854694e79a|2017 Summer - JD;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1816
ADR6412http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1763ADR6412MediationLogue, BillThis course examines the nature of mediation and explores theoretical and practical aspects of the process. It will analyze each component of the mediation process and provide students with the opportunity to apply theories and skills in simulation exercises. The course will also address ethical and practical issues.2.00000000000000GP0|#f8be52e6-570e-44f6-a7f1-2a5c84593ee6;L0|#0f8be52e6-570e-44f6-a7f1-2a5c84593ee6|2017 Summer - Term 2;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bJune 23 & 24 June 30 and July 11763